The Eurovision Song Contest
The final of the biggest and longest running annual TV song contest returns to our screens this weekend. Initially called The Eurovision Grand Prix and first aired in 1956, Eurovision has been a part of European culture ever since. But how much do you know about this old song contest? Allow us to supply you with some interesting facts and figures that you can impress your friends and family with come Saturday evening.
- Until 2017 there have been nearly 1,500 songs that have taken part in the Eurovision Song Contest. If you were to listen to all the songs after the 2017 event, you would have to stay awake for over 72 hours.
- Who has won the most contests? The answer is Ireland, with seven wins. Sweden comes in at 2nd with six wins, followed by Luxembourg, France and the UK on five.
- The language rules have changed a few times over the show’s 62-year run. Between 1956 and 1965 the rules on language hadn’t been considered, till Sweden translated their song into English for the competition, and from then till 1974 a country’s song had to be in its own language. ABBA promptly won the competition when the ban was lifted, with their famous song “Waterloo”. The contest reverted back again in 1977, until 1999 when the choice for languages was given once more.
- Speaking of ABBA, they are the most successful participants of the competition, along with Celine Dion and Bucks Fizz; having said that, career longevity is not really associated with The Eurovision Song Contest.
- Though there have only been 62 editions of the contest (excluding this year) there have been 65 winners. The famous 1969 event was won by the UK, Spain, France and The Netherlands due to an unprecedented four-way tie on points. The rules have since been changed.
Feeling all clued-up? It’s been our pleasure. We hope you enjoy this years Eurovision Song Contest in Kiev!
Learning another language is thought to have many benefits; through language you are free to learn about other cultures and other ways of life, as well as being able to impress those around you. Psychological studies have found that speaking two or more languages actually improves your cognitive function, memory retention and can even stave off dementia and Alzheimer’s. The reasoning for learning a language is clear, so what are the best tips for learning?
Confidence is a key issue in learning a new language. “A lot of people don’t make progress if they don’t open their mouths” remarked Michael Geisler, a US language school president. One of the reasons that many have a hard time with their secondary school language courses is that they have difficulty with public speaking in their own language, let alone a brand new one. But one of the best ways to learn is to make mistakes, and you can’t do this without being confident enough to try in the first place.
There are now a plethora of ways you can go about learning a language such as mobile apps, online websites, textbooks, worksheets as well as tutoring, and you’d really be getting a round education if you used every medium of learning available to you. On top of that, small lifestyle changes like setting aside some time every day for your education and watching movies or learning recipes in your chosen language can help speed up the process.
Visit the country
Once you understand the basics of a language, most experts will agree that throwing yourself in the deep end and living in the country of your target language can be hugely beneficial, if only for the fact that you won’t have much of a choice! Another benefit of spending time in the country is that you begin to understand the culture, and you hear words and phrases in their most natural environment.
And remember, practice makes perfect!Read more
The Future of Languages
Last week we wrote a blog on the creation of languages, how they were born and how the morphed into the modern languages we know today. But what happens when we look to the future in our rapidly changing language landscape?
There are roughly 6000 different living languages around the globe today. Here’s a table of approximations (no sources seem to agree on exact numbers) of the most popular languages spoken by native speakers:
- Chinese (Mandarin & Cantonese) – 1.2 Billion
- Spanish – 450 million
- English – 360 million
- Hindi – 310 million
- Arabic – 290 million
As you can see China takes a clear lead due to its huge population. But when studied languages are considered, the ‘league table’ looks different. English takes a big jump to around a billion speakers, European languages also swell to higher numbers, whereas Chinese stays at the same mark. When looking back in history to see when and where languages have grown, there is a clear correlation between economic growth and prosperity and language popularity. Like the Roman empire before it where Latin was spread throughout Europe and around the Mediterranean Sea, the far-reaching effects of the British Empire and its industrial revolution can be seen throughout the world today. So, the truest way to judge the future of language might be to look to the future of growing economies. China is the one of the stand out growers over the past few years, and consequently its number of foreign learners is growing. An interesting case is India, which has also seen major growth; due to the influence of the British Empire, English is used in the higher levels of government and is the ‘lingua franca’ (bridge language) for business in the country.
As the world becomes more globalised it seems that the more popular languages can only grow. English looks to become the most widely used language to due Britain’s colonial past and because its relatively easy to learn - especially compared with Chinese – and we may see many smaller languages die out as the bigger ones become more popular. An interesting notion is that we may see more cross-languages as immigration rises in urban areas and languages seep into each other.
So, it seems that English is the ultimate lingua franca for now and looks to stay that way in the near future. As for a few centuries down the line? Your guess is as good as ours…
*As it is nigh impossible to get true data on the number of different language speakers around the world, we’ve purposefully been vague with the statistics in this blog*Read more
The Creation of Languages
Communication is recognised throughout the animal kingdom, whether it be through sounds, movements, body language or even vocalisation and hand gestures in primates. But no form of communication comes close to human’s spoken language. The ability to convey even the most complex thoughts and emotions is one of the many things that separates us from the rest of the animal kingdom, but how did it come to be this way? The first appearance of language between homo sapiens is thought to be between 30,000 and 100,000 years ago, and while the truth of how spoken language was born is still a mystery, there are some prevailing theories as to how it’s come about.
The first is of course Darwinism; that natural selection would mean that ancient humans who used better forms of communication would be more successful in what they did, such as hunting. The other theory is that as we evolved to deal with the likes of tool making or learning the rules of the world, our brains grew larger and our cognitive function increased and therefore our ability to create and understand more complex forms of talking to one another grew as well. What is likely is that it was a cross between the two, in that the capacity for language was already there, but natural selection refined the process, as a more advanced communicator would have an advantage to his grunting cousin.
Eventually these advanced grunts would morph into what we know now as the modern languages around the world, otherwise known as natural language. When a language is planned or artificial, it is called a constructed language. Normally this means that certain aspects are picked from different languages and put together, such as interlingua which uses a host of western European languages as its base and is comprehensible to those who speak the Romance Languages. Another example is the artistic constructed languages such as ‘Elvish’, a language created by J. R. R. Tolkien, which was based on Finnish, or ‘Klingon’, an almost completely made up language created by a producer of the Star Trek series; these languages are made to add a sense of realism to science-fiction/fantasy worlds.
From the grunting at each other thousands of years ago, there are now over 7,900 different living languages. We’ve come a long way.Read more
We’re currently on the hunt for community interpreters here at Vandu and history is littered with famous figures interested in linguistics. In this blog, we’ll name a few that we wouldn’t mind taking on at Vandu.
Sir Richard Burton
Richard Francis Burton was a famous English explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer, and diplomat. Born in 1821, he would go on to become one of the most well studied linguists in history, and according to some accounts could speak 29 different languages from Europe, Asia and Africa, as well as having a deep knowledge of the cultures around these languages. Burton was very eccentric by Victorian-era standards and defied many cultural taboos, such as criticising British colonial policies, and inter-racial relations. However, in 1886 he was recognised with a knighthood for his contributions to British society, before passing away four years later.
Queen Elizabeth I
Born in 1533, daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth’s 44-year reign as Queen was considered a stable and prosperous time and the arts, particularly English drama, flourished during her era thanks to the likes of Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe. Elizabeth had several teachers during her youth, receiving an education fit for a princess and resulting in Elizabeth being able to speak Greek, Italian, French, Flemish, and later would learn Welsh and Cornish. Being the Queen of England would require a knowledge of languages and foreign cultures, and according to historians, a Venetian ambassador remarked that Elizabeth “possessed languages so thoroughly that each appeared to be her native tongue". Elizabeth passed away at the age of 70 in 1603.
Natalie Portman is a half-American, half-Israeli born in 1981. Though she has won an Oscar for best actress in the film Black Swan, Portman has always placed education and languages over her acting career stating that she would “rather be smart, than be a movie star”. Portman took time out of her acting to earn a degree at Harvard and attend the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Along with Hebrew, Portman can speak French, Japanese, German and Arabic, and has professed her interest in languages since her youth.
Currently the boss at Manchester United F.C, Mourinho is amongst the best football managers in Europe, and some would argue he already has made his place in managerial history. Football is perhaps the most international game in the world, and being a top manager in the English Premier League requires a grasp of different languages and an understanding of different cultures. Born in Portugal in 1963, Mourinho has gone on to win trophies in Portugal, England, Spain and Italy, and can speak their respective languages -including Catalan- as well as French (maybe in case PSG come calling?)